Completed schooling at York High School in George.
2 years military service as a Sapper in the Engineering Core.
Pursued a career in the Building Industry, which included:
6 Month course in Plumbing, Bricklaying, Plastering and Carpentry.
Joined a firm in George as an artisan.
Promoted to Site Foreman and relocated to Finsch Mine Lime Acres (Anglo American subsidiary).
Projects included underground civil construction, housing and office buildings.
1984: Promoted to Area Manager and carried out work in Bophuthatswana, which included the construction of schools, libraries and hospitals for the Government and their Provident Fund.